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COP 27 Climate Summit

COP27 is a conference where world leaders meet for two weeks of climate negotiations as nations struggle to cut greenhouse gas emissions amid a global energy crisis, war in Europe and rising inflation. It stands for conference of parties under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, UNFCCC.

In June 1992 at the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, the UNFCCC was first signed by 154 countries. The aim of that summit was to balance the concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and control the distribution of fuels global warming.

Last year it was held in Glasgow, Scotland and this year it is in Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt which will be the 27th meeting.

The main objective of this conference is to seek solutions for the rising global temperatures and climate change. The world leaders hope to have their voices heard and devise a comprehensive plan to achieve the goals of the 2015 Paris Agreement and avert the global climate catastrophe facing our planet. Wealthy countries try to help developing countries with fossil fuels and transition to renewable energy by making up the economic growth lost to worsening floods, storms and heat waves. More than 35,000 delegates are expected to attend the event.

Another aim of the Cop27 is to reinforce net zero carbon emissions, government financial commitments, working conditions and protecting communities and natural habitats at the forefront of extreme weather events caused by global warming.

The recent natural disasters such as drought, intense heat, hurricanes and flash floods in North America, Europe and Asia this summer lead nations to emphasise the need for global unity and action.

There are some special days within the scope of Cop27:

11 November Decarbonization Day

Since the adoption of the Paris Agreement, companies and industries have plans and policies to reduce their carbon footprints and move to decarbonization.

14 November Water Day